Bipolar disorder information

Is your mood swing from one extreme to another?

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Bipolar disorder, previously known as manic depression, is a condition that can affect your mood, making it swing from one extreme to another. If you are suffering from bipolar disorder you will have episodes of depression during which you feel low and lethargic alternating with episodes of mania during which you feel high and overactive. Symptoms of bipolar disorder depend on mood which you experience at the time. Unlike mood swings, in bipolar disorder each mood can last for several weeks with some people not often experiencing a ‘normal’ or ordinary mood. Bipolar Disorder Treatment requires patience as it takes time to get cured.

A combination of psychotherapy and medication works well in bi-polar disorder treatment. Along with medications, one can also opt for natural remedies and learn breathing techniques.

Prognosis

Mood cycle of bipolar disorder

There are several types of bi-polar disorder, all involving periods of depression and mania to varying degrees.

Bipolar 1 disorder involves periods of severe mood swing from extreme to another, from mania to depression.

Bipolar 2 disorder is a milder form of mood elevation, involving milder episodes of hypomania (less severe than mania, where one has elevated mood and more energy than usual but it’s not out of control) that alternate with periods of severe depression.

Cyclothymic disorder is comprised of brief periods of depressive symptoms alternating with brief periods of hypomaniac symptoms. These symptoms are marked by

  • Sleeplessness
  • High energy and
  • Racing thoughts

At the same time, the person may

  • Irritable
  • Feel hopeless
  • Despairing and
  • Suicidal.

It is a pattern of frequent, distinct episodes in bipolar disorder. In rapid cycling a person can experience multiple “highs” and “lows” in a single day. It feels like your mind is tricking you. You are sad one minute, hyper the next, giddy and then back to sad, teary and wanting to hide.

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