Most of us have gone through troublesome sleep at one point of time or another. Sleep can often be an emotional barometer for your current state so if you are stressed you might find that this affects your sleep. When sleep problems become a regular occurrence and have an impact on your daily life, you may be suffering from a sleep disorder. One of the most common types of sleep disorder is insomnia which manifests itself as an inability to sleep or sleep well at night.
Obstructive sleep apnea/sleep-disordered breathing: loud snoring, choking or gasping episodes during sleep, and excessive daytime sleepiness that the patient may attribute to poor sleep Movement disorders in sleep; Restless legs syndrome, Circadian rhythm disorders: difficulty in falling asleep at a normal time and difficulty waking up in the morning.
Common symptoms of insomnia include:
The diagnosis of insomnia is made by the psychologist based on the following criteria: the complaint of difficulty in initiating sleep and/or maintaining sleep or non-restorative sleep that results in daytime impairment.
If you think you are suffering from a sleep disorder it might be helpful to consult a psychologist. Psychological therapy and particularly cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) can also be useful in helping you develop better sleep hygiene and effective strategies for managing your sleep.
In most cases, insomnia can be relieved by addressing the causes appropriately.