An Overview

Speech disorders or speech impediments are a type of communication disorder where 'normal' speech is disrupted.

SYMPTOMS

repeating sounds ध्वनियों को दोहराते हुए
elongating words blinking several times while talking बात करते समय कई बार पलकें झपकाने
adding extra sounds and words अतिरिक्त ध्वनियों और शब्दों को जोड़ना
visible frustration when trying to communicate संवाद करने की कोशिश करते समय दिखाई देने वाली निराशा
taking frequent pauses when talking बात करते समय बार-बार रुकना
distorting sounds when talking बात करते समय विकृत ध्वनि
hoarseness, or speaking with a raspy or gravelly sounding voice कर्कशता, या कर्कश या बजरी आवाज के साथ बोलना
Echolalia शब्दानुकरण
Flat, robotic speaking voice, or singsong voice सपाट, रोबोट बोलने वाली आवाज़, या गाती आवाज़
Not using or rarely using common gesture सामान्य इशारे का उपयोग करना या शायद ही कभी नहीं

TYPES

  • Apraxia of speech
  • Cluttering
  • Developmental verbal dyspraxia
  • Dysarthria
  • Dysprosody
  • Muteness
  • speech sound disorders
  • Stuttering
  • Voice disorders

PREVENTIONS

  • Hearing loss is a risk factor for speech disorders. At-risk infants should be referred to an audiologist for a hearing test. Hearing and speech therapy can then be started, if necessary.
  • As young children begin to speak, some disfluency is common, and most of the time, it goes away without treatment. If you place too much attention on the disfluency, a stuttering pattern may develop. If your child is stuttering, make sure to allow them to finish what they want to say, listen to what they are saying, and then respond in a calm and relaxed way. If the stuttering continues, meet with a speech language pathologist for support.

WHEN TO CONTACT A MEDICAL PROFESSIONAL

  • Your child's speech is not developing according to normal milestones.
  • You think your child is in a high-risk group.
  • Your child is showing signs of a speech disorder.

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