An Overview

Any events that causes stress in the individual’s life so much that it destroys the individual’s belief and trust is called Trauma Counselling. The individual experiences social withdrawal. The individual should seek treatment, no matter how severe the problem is. An individual with accredited causes, qualifications can help work in this area.

Types

The main sources of trauma are:-

  • Any violence inflicted on the person
  • Domestic Violence
  • Rape and molestation
  • Any type of injury or illness
  • Death of a loved one
  • Accidents

A person can also have features of more than one particular type.

Signs and symptoms

The symptoms depend from person to person. The symptoms usually can last from certain days to 20 years.

  • FLASHBACKS: When experience the traumatic or stress provoking mentally or physically again.
  • INSOMNIA: The individual has nightmares and has difficulty in sleeping that could also be caused due to mental overload.
  • ANXIETY: When we remain anxious all the time, it could also turn into anxiety disorders the PTSD.
  • STRESS: One experiences stress more burdening after the trauma.
  • ANGER: Constant outbursts or feeling angry all the time is common.
  • DEPRESSION: After traumatic events, one is most likely to experience depression.
  • LOSS OF SELF-ESTEEM: Traumatic events lead to a decrease in the self-belief and self-concept and confidence.
  • EMOTIONAL DETACHMENT: Sometimes, such trauma can lead to numbness thus making the individual distant from others.
  • SELF MEDICATION: An individual might engage in destructive behaviours like alcohol etc.

Causes

GREATEST RISK FACTOR: A person’s incapability of thriving and proving resilient.

Assessment

  • IN TRAUMA INFORMED MENTAL HEALTH ASSESSMENT: The interviewer takes technical interview which includes standard measures and behavioural observations to understand the event that was traumatic or distressing. It is well structured to gather information, identify the needs and summarize. It includes Child and Adolescent Needs and Strengthens (CANS), transactional model, assessment based treatment for traumatized children.
  • ENGAGING FAMILIES IN ASSESSMENT PROCESS: By allowing the parent to choose the language in the session, making time with the parents.
  • Providing Feedback.

Treatment

  • SOMATIC EXPERIENCING: It focuses on healing through sensations rather than memories and thoughts.
  • COGNITIVE BEHAVIOURAL THERAPY: They are focused on changing the faulty thoughts and beliefs.
  • BEHAVIOUR THERAPY: Like exposure therapy in which the individuals is slowly made to face one’s fear.
  • HYPNO THERAPY: The counselor takes the client into a hypnotic state and then talks about the concerns.
  • GROUP THERAPY: The counselling of the individual is done in a group.

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