Applied Behavior Analysis (ABA) as the science of applying principles of behavior change to affect socially significant behaviors. It applies our understanding of how behavior works to real situations. The goal of this therapy is to promote behaviors that are helpful and decrease behaviors that are harmful or affect positive learning.
The therapy is useful for children living with ASD by helping them learn developmental skills. It helps improve communication abilities while reducing harmful behaviors, including self-injurious behaviour.
This therapy is most effective if therapy begins when children younger than 5 years, although older children with ASD benefit a lot when trained by specialist. ABA helps to develop and works to manage challenging behavior, reading, and academics as well as adaptive learning skills, such as gross & fine motor dexterity, hygiene, grooming, domestic capabilities, punctuality, and job competence.