Learning disability is a neurological disorder. A learning disorder is caused by a disparity in the way a person's brain is "wired," to put it simply. Learning disabled children are as smart as their peers. However, if left on their own, they may have trouble reading, writing, spelling, reasoning, remembering, and/or organizing knowledge taught in predictable ways.
Learning disabilities (LD) refer to a category of conditions that impair a child’s ability to learn. Children have trouble reading, writing, arithmetic, listening, and/or speaking if they have learning disabilities. In most cases, there is a significant gap between what is expected of a child based on his/her intellect and what he/she actually does.
The word "learning disorder" refers to a wide range of learning disabilities. Reading disabilities, written language disabilities, and math disabilities are the three primary categories of learning disabilities. Each form of LD may encompass a variety of disorders. There is no such thing as a "learning disorder." Other, less common learning disabilities affect memory, social skills, and executive functioning.
Dyscalculia – a mathematical disorder in which a person has difficulty solving arithmetic problems and comprehending mathematical concepts. The severity of math learning difficulties varies widely depending on the child's other strengths and weaknesses. A language learning disability, a visual impairment, or a problem with sequencing, memory, or organization can all affect a child's ability to do math in various ways.
Dysgraphia – a writing disorder that makes it difficult for an individual to shape letters or write within a specific room. The physical act of writing or the mental task of comprehending and synthesizing knowledge may also be impaired by learning difficulties in writing. Physical trouble forming words and letters is referred to as a simple writing disorder. The act of writing is central to the effects of a written language learning disorder. They include issues with writing neatness and accuracy, correctly copying letters and words, and spelling consistency, organization, and coherence in prose
Learning disabilities in motor skills (dyspraxia) - If it's fine motor skills (cutting, writing) or gross motor skills (walking, running), motor difficulty applies to issues with mobility and coordination (running, jumping). A motor disorder is often referred to as "output" activity, indicating that it has something to do with the brain's information output. The brain must be able to interact with the requisite limbs in order to move and complete the action.
Learning disabilities in the language (aphasia/dysphasia) -Communication and language ability to understand or produce spoken language are affected by learning disabilities. Language is often known as a production task since it necessitates the arrangement of thoughts in the brain and the use of suitable terms to verbally describe or interact with others. Problems with expressive language skills, such as the ability to retell a story and speech fluency, as well as the ability to grasp the meaning of words, parts of speech, and directions, are all signs of a language-based learning disability.
Audio and visual processing problems - The primary means of transmitting information to the brain is through the eyes and ears, a mechanism known as "input." Learning may be hampered if one or both of the eyes or ears aren't functioning properly. Auditory processing disorder – The ability to hear well is referred to as "auditory processing skills" or "receptive language" by professionals. The ability to hear things correctly has a big influence on reading, writing, and spelling. It's difficult to sound out words and understand the fundamental principles of reading and writing if you can't discern slight changes in sound or if you hear sounds at the wrong tempo.
Missing subtle variations in shapes, reversing letters or numbers, skipping words, skipping lines, misperceiving depth or distance, or having trouble with eye–hand coordination are all symptoms of visual processing disorder. The function of the eyes is often referred to as "visual processing" by professionals. Gross and fine motor skills, as well as reading comprehension, are all affected by visual perception and math.
One child can have trouble reading and writing, while another likes books but struggles with math. Another child might have trouble comprehending what others are saying or speaking out loud. The concerns are complex, but they all stem from learning disabilities. Learning disabilities aren't always easy to spot. Because of the broad range of symptoms and profiles, there is no specific symptom or profile that can be used to prove the existence of an issue. At different ages, however, some warning signs are more common than others.
Difficulty enunciating words
Inability to finding the correct word
Find difficulty in learning the colors, forms, alphabet, numbers, or days of the week
Unable to follow instructions or learning routines
Difficulty handling crayons, pencils, and scissors, or coloring inside the lines
Unable to learn the connection between letters and sounds
Unable to make words
Difficulty in reading similar words
Take more time to learn novel skills
Sometimes misspells words and makes grammatical mistakes.
Difficulty telling time and recalling sequences
Difficulty understanding simple math concepts
Difficulties with open-ended test questions and word problems
Difficulty with reading comprehension or math skills
Has trouble following classroom discussions and expressing thoughts aloud
Has poor handwriting
Poor organizational skills (bedroom, homework, and desk are messy and disorganized)
Has trouble following classroom discussions and expressing thoughts aloud
Spells the same term differently in various documents.
Children with learning disabilities can, and do, succeed
It may be difficult to recognize that your child might have a learning disability. You may be worried about your child's potential opportunities or wonder how he or she would get through school. Perhaps you're worried that bringing up your child's learning difficulties would lead to him or her being labeled "slow" or being placed in a less demanding class. But keep in mind that most children with learning disabilities are just as intelligent as anyone else. They simply need to be taught in a way that fits their individual learning styles. You will help your child succeed in school and beyond by learning more about learning challenges in general and your child's specific learning difficulties.
Science has made significant progress in discovering the inner workings of the brain, and neuroplasticity is one crucial finding that offers fresh hope for learning disabilities and disorders. The brain's normal, lifelong capacity to adapt is referred to as neuroplasticity. In response to experience and learning, the brain may create new connections and produce new brain cells during life. This understanding has resulted in ground-breaking modern learning disability therapies that take advantage of the brain's capacity to adapt. Strategic brain exercises, such as those used in the Arrowsmith curriculum, are used to recognize and improve vulnerable cognitive areas.
For example, modern computer-based learning systems that slow down sounds so that children can understand them and progressively increase their comprehension speed are available for children who have trouble distinguishing between different sounds in a phrase.
These findings regarding neuroplasticity bring hope to all students with learning disabilities, and further studies could lead to new therapies that target the root causes of learning disabilities rather than simply providing coping mechanisms to compensate for deficiencies.
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