Difference Between CAT and CBT

Difference Between CAT and CBT


Cognitive behavioural therapy

Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapy that seeks to understand how ideas and emotions affect behaviour and to modify unfavourable thoughts, unfavourable emotions, and encourage favourable behaviour. Cognitive behavioural therapy is predicated on the notion that specific circumstances set off mistaken basic beliefs that have a serious affect on our thoughts, emotions, behaviour, and bodily responses. Once we understand what circumstances trigger such toxic beliefs, we can avoid them. We might work on creating fresh interpretations to alter our reactivity pattern. People with phobias, depression, anxiety, or addictions can benefit greatly from the therapy. CBT is frequently used to treat a variety of illnesses, such as obsession, phobia, addictions, depression, and anxiety. CBT is a brief form of therapy that helps patients deal with a single, narrow issue. Combining psychotherapy with behavioural treatment is cognitive behavioural therapy. In psychotherapy, we place a strong emphasis on how important it is to give things a personal meaning and how thinking patterns develop throughout the course of childhood. We pay great attention to the connection between our issues, our behaviour, and our thinking in behavioural therapy. CBT comes in a variety of formats, including: (a) Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT), (b) Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy, (c) Multimodal Therapy, and (d) Dialectical Behaviour Therapy.

Cognitive Analytic therapy

CAT stands for Cognitive Analytic Therapy. It is a collaborative programme of looking at the way you think, feel, and act on a day-to-day basis; a programme that is tailored to your individual needs and to your own manageable goals for change. It brings together understandings from cognitive psychotherapies (such as Cognitive Behavioral Therapy) and psychoanalytic approaches into one integrated, user-friendly, and effective therapy. Each treatment session is customized to the needs of the patient, taking into account their current circumstances and issues they are facing.. The average duration of cognitive analytic therapy is sixteen weeks however depending on the nature of the problem it may increase.

Phases of CAT - The three R's of CAT are:

1. Reinterpretation -putting everyone together and understanding it logically in the first four sessions

2. Recognition -knowledge and understanding of patterns, roles, feelings, thoughts, and activities that make things difficult

3. Revision - change and ability to adapt to challenges to transfer toward the 'ok state' at which you feel better about yourself and others


Cognitive behavioural therapy

  • Encouraging clients to "read" their emotions and recognize healthy from toxic sentiments in order to increase their emotional intelligence and self-awareness
  • Assisting clients in comprehending how mistaken ideas and perceptions contribute to unpleasant sensations
  • The quick relief of symptoms with a focus on assessing the client's present circumstance and resolving present issues
  • The growth of the individual by assisting clients in changing fundamental ideas that is frequently at the root of their suffering. The development of self-control by giving clients particular tools to identify and challenge skewed thinking.

Cognitive analytic therapy

Cognitive Analytic Therapy is designed to help you improve your capacity to watch and think about yourself, your assertions, feelings, and behaviours. It will assist you in gaining control of your patterns of self-care, self-harm, and relationship issues with others, as well as making positive changes.


Cognitive Behaviour Therapy - You can learn to be more conscious of your emotions, ideas, and behaviours with the aid of cognitive behavioural therapy. Most people develop healthier habits after CBT. Although CBT can't completely eliminate stressful circumstances, it can help you react to them more positively and feel better overall. Numerous studies demonstrate that CBT is just as effective as or even superior to other types of psychological therapy or psychiatric drugs. Depending on your circumstance, you can have a little bit more agitation throughout therapy. You can move through these emotions with the aid of your therapist. You can combat unfavorable feelings by using new abilities.

Cognitive Analytic Therapy - With cognitive analytic therapy, develop the answers needed to help overcome this and avoid falling into those same emotional blockades that stop one from making the right choices in life. CAT is the solution they need. It helps to evaluate how we think feel and act on a day-to-day basis by evaluating and better understanding our reactions to experiences and events.


CBT - How to Recognize Negative Thoughts, learn new abilities and set goals and solve problems and self-Monitoring.

CAT - Things built around making sure, you can better understand your thoughts, feelings, and actions and you’ll learn to see that negative thoughts. To help unlock subconscious thinking that leads to the problems that you often suffer from the idea.


CBT is used by the Best Therapists in India and the Top Psychologists in India to treat a variety of mental health issues, such as depression.

  • Obsessive-compulsive Disorder or behavior (OCD)
  • Trauma-related stress disorder (PTSD)
  • Phobias
  • Psychological problems
  • Other eating disorders, such as binge eating disorder, include bulimia nervosa, anorexia nervosa, and others.
  • Alcoholism and substance abuse disorders


CAT is used in the treatment of

  • Major depression
  • Generalized anxiety disorder
  • Post-traumatic stress disorder (bipolar disorder)
  • Bipolar II disorder
  • Mental/emotionalsupport


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Contributed by: - Dr (Prof) R K SuriBest Clinical Psychologist in Delhi, NCR  &  Swati Yadav