Harnessing the Power of Speech Therapy

Harnessing the Power of Speech Therapy


Speech therapy assesses and treats speech impairments and communication problems. Speech-language pathologists (SLPs), sometimes known as speech therapists, are the ones who carry it out. Speech therapy techniques are used to improve communication. These might involve language intervention exercises, articulation therapy, and other things, depending on the kind of speech or language impairment.

Speech therapy may be necessary for adults with speech problems caused by illnesses or accidents like strokes or brain injuries as well as children with speech disorders.

Why is speech therapy necessary?

For many language and speech-language difficulties, speech therapy is a successful treatment.

Articulation issues: An articulation disorder is an incapacity to articulate a particular word sound correctly. A child with this speech issue may omit, alter, add word sounds or distort. The use of the term "this" in place of "this" is an illustration of word distortion.

Speaking with an irregular rhythm, tempo, or fluency is known as having fluency issues. Fluency issues include stuttering and cluttering. A person with stuttering has trouble making sounds, and it has been observed that their speech may be interrupted, impeded, or partially repeated. Cluttering is characterized by rapid speech and word blending. Resonance anomalies are often related to neurological disorders, big tonsils, and cleft palate.

  • Receptive dysfunction: Receptive language impairment affects a person's ability to comprehend and process language. As a result, you can come off as uninterested when someone speaks, find it challenging to comprehend what they're saying or have a smaller vocabulary. Autism, hearing loss, brain trauma, and other language impairments can all contribute to receptive language difficulties.
  • Issues with expression: Poorly stated or transmitted information is a sign of impairment in the expression of language. You might have an expressive problem if you find it difficult to put whole sentences together, perhaps by using the incorrect verb tense. It is connected to developmental issues like hearing loss and Down syndrome. A medical ailment or a head injury could also cause it.
  • Cognitive and communication impairments: When the part of the brain that controls thought is damaged, it results in communication problems. This condition is known as a cognitive communication disorder. Memory issues, problem-solving issues, and problems speaking or listening could occur. It might result from biological problems, such as abnormal brain development, particular neurological illnesses a stroke, or a brain injury.
  • Aphasia: This acquired communication disorder affects a person's ability to understand and communicate with others. Reading and writing skills are frequently also hampered. Although there are many various types of brain diseases that can lead to aphasia, strokes are unquestionably the most common culprit. Take guidance from by searching for the Best psychologist delhi or Counseling psychologist.
  • Dysarthria: Due to weakness or an inability to control the muscles needed for speaking, this disorder is marked by sluggish or slurred speech. The most common causes of facial paralysis or weakening of the neck and tongue are nervous system disorders and diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), multiple sclerosis (MS), and stroke.

What occurs throughout speech therapy?

Speech therapy often comes first in an SLP examination, which identifies the nature of the issues faced in communication and the best path of treatment.

Therapy for children's speech

Your child's speech therapy sessions could be one-on-one, in a small group, or in a classroom, depending on the severity of their speech problem. A variety of activities and exercises are employed in speech therapy, depending on the condition, age, and requirements of your child. 

In order to assist the language development paradigm in children's speech therapy, the SLP may: 

  • Engage in discussion, play, drawings, use of books, and other things as a language intervention. 

  • Using the appropriate activities to teach the child how to make varied noises, suitable sounds, and syllables for a young child at this age.

  • Give advice and homework assignments on how to conduct speech therapy at home to the child's primary caregiver.

Adult speech therapists

An assessment is also conducted at the beginning of adult speech therapy to determine your needs and the best course of action. By practising speech therapy exercises for adults, you can enhance your communication abilities.

Therapy also may involve retraining the swallowing function if an injury or medical condition, such as Parkinson's disease or oral cancer, has caused swallowing difficulties. Exercises could include:

  • Activities aimed at enhancing cognitive communication include problem-solving, memory practise, organising, and more.

  • Verbal strategies to enhance social interaction

  • Resonance breathing exercises and oral muscle strengthening exercises

If you want to undertake speech therapy activities at home, there are lots of materials accessible, including:

Workbooks, flip cards, and other games and toys for language development are all examples of speech therapy tools.

How well does speech therapy work?

The effectiveness of speech therapy varies by age group and problem being treated. The time when you start speech therapy may also have an impact on the outcomes. Research indicates that speech therapy works best for young children when it is started early and is carried out at home with parental or carer assistance.

Speech therapy can be used to treat a wide range of speech and language disorders and impairments in both the children and adults. Speech therapy can enhance communication and increase self-confidence with early intervention. Get support from the Best psychologist in India or the Best psychiatrist in India.

Try speech therapy with the best speech therapists or Online counselor available at TalktoAngel today!

Additionally, you may schedule an appointment with the top professional psychologists and receive Mental health counseling at the Psychowellness Centre, which has many locations in Delhi NCR, NOIDA, Faridabad, Janakpuri, Dwarka, and Vasant Vihar.

Contribution: Dr (Prof) R K Suri, Clinical Psychologist, life coach & mentor TalktoAngel & Ms. Varshini Nayyar, Psychologist.