Anxiety is manifested by worry, stress, or fear. It is a natural response to stress or danger – one that helps you cope with tense situations and manage many challenges in your day-to-day life. About 20% of American adults report having experienced an anxiety problem in the previous year, and 30% of Americans will experience an anxiety disorder in their lifetime, according to the National Institute of Mental Health. The trend for the prevalence of anxiety is similar in India also. These conditions include social anxiety disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder(OCD), agoraphobia, particular phobia, generalized anxiety disorder, and separation anxiety disorder. Even though it's common to feel anxious occasionally, especially before major occasions, an anxiety disorder is something very different. People who struggle with anxiety disorders may experience overwhelming anxiety for no apparent reason most of the time or only when certain situations arise. For instance, while it's normal to be anxious before a job interview if you panic and have difficulty breathing, you may be experiencing an anxiety attack.
Your health might be impacted by anxiety disorders in a variety of ways. In essence, anxiety is a state of constant worry that makes you feel as though you are in danger. Numerous issues may result from this.
Digestion issues, such as nausea, cramping in the stomach, and diarrhea, are some of the first symptoms of an anxiety condition. Losing weight could result from losing your appetite. Irritable bowel syndrome and Crohn's disease could get worse if you have an anxiety issue. Previously believed to be brought on by stress-induced overproduction of stomach acid, ulcers are now known to be brought on by bacteria. However, persistent anxiety might weaken your immune system, increasing your risk of developing ulcers.
Your sympathetic nervous system (SNS) is overactive when you have an anxiety problem. Threats cause your sympathetic nervous system, also known as the "fight or flight" system, to become active. It is designed to act momentarily and get you out of danger, but when it operates continuously, it harms your health. The SNS is in charge of some biological processes, whereas the parasympathetic nervous system (PNS), is in charge of the opposing system. You have more problems resting and recovering from diseases and injuries when the SNS is underactive. Additionally, you can experience a lot more muscle tension, which can cause headaches, back discomfort, and joint pain.
Most people are now aware of the detrimental effects of stress on the cardiovascular system. Your heart rate and blood pressure rise when you're stressed—and when you're nervous, you're generally stressed. Your blood arteries will eventually stiffen, increasing your risk of heart attack and stroke.
As was said before, anxiety causes your SNS to become active, which has an odd impact on immunity. Your immune system is momentarily strengthened in order to get ready to battle any infections that could arise from an injury. On the other hand, it weakens your immune system over time. It takes a lot of energy to fight infections and repair wounds, and your body won't put that energy into those processes unless you have a chance to rest and recover. However, if you experience persistent anxiety, that moment never arrives and the maintenance is postponed permanently. You consequently end up getting sick more frequently.
Quality of Life
Most likely, the biggest impact an anxiety illness can have on you is on your quality of life. Living in fear, frequently of nothing in particular, is the essence of having an anxiety disorder. That in and of itself is unpleasant, but it can also constrain you in other ways. When you are worried, it is harder to take risks in your personal or professional life, or in some situations, even to leave your house. Many anxiety sufferers feel imprisoned. They see things in life they want to do, but their worry prevents them from really doing them. This could lead to lost income and unrealized potential.
Since humans are social beings, happiness depends on having healthy relationships. Unfortunately, relationships are severely harmed by anxiety disorders. Anxiety restricts what you're willing to try with your friends because it makes you less willing to try new things. It might even reduce your desire to make new acquaintances and network. Ironically, social anxiety is also fueled by the value we place on social acceptability. Some people simply believe that the risks of rejection are too great. Instead, they become increasingly worried and socially alienated. Relationships can also be impacted by anxiety disorders in other ways. For instance, if you have PTSD, you can develop a short fuse and be too possessive of the individuals you care about. You might become alienated by this or perhaps get into legal problems.
People with anxiety problems and those with substance use disorders frequently co-occur. For instance, approximately 20% of those with social anxiety disorder, approximately 25% of those with OCD, and more than 50% of those with PTSD experience substance use problems. People who suffer from anxiety disorders frequently seek symptom relief. Many people discover that drinking provides short-term relief. For anxiety, doctors frequently use benzodiazepines. Unfortunately, they are very addictive, and frequent usage for just two weeks can cause dependence. Then, despite everything, your uneasiness returns. Although an anxiety condition can harm your health, relationships, and quality of life, it is typically treatable.
Anxiety on a more personal and daily basis can affect:
1. Your ability to focus
2. Your memory, the ability to remember small things
3. Impacts on your self-esteem4.
4. You can experience night terrors or nightmares
5. You get more sick than usual, which affects your immune system
6. It can manifest physically in the form of body pains, aches, skin breakouts, etc.
7. Changes your speech pattern
8. Unable to stay still, feel restless
Seek medication from Best psychiatrist in India for SSRIs and other medications like benzodiazepine etc., and seek online consultation with the Best psychologist near me for cognitive behavioral therapy, or CBT is frequently used in treatment. Most people can regulate their anxiety and lead much better lives with the correct assistance.
Learn more about Anxiety and strategies to overcome it, seeking consultation for emotional challenges with the Best Clinical Psychologists will help you to understand your emotions, thoughts, and behaviors and enable you to better understand your emotional trauma, depression, anxiety, stress, and healthy behavioral skills. You can also meet in the clinic with the best clinical psychologists & parenting coaches at Psychowellness Center, a multi-location clinic at Janakpuri, Dwarka, Vasant Vihar, Gurgaon, NOIDA, Faridabad, and Delhi NCR.
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Contributed By:- DR (Prof) R K Suri Clinical Psychologist, & Life Coach & Ms Aditi Bhardwaj, Psychologist
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