The Impact of ABA Therapy on Mental Health

The Impact of ABA Therapy on Mental Health


Through the use of reinforcement mechanisms, ABA, a type of therapeutic intervention, can enhance social, communication, and learning skills.

Through the use of reinforcement techniques, applied behaviour analysis (ABA), a type of therapeutic intervention, can enhance social, communication, and learning abilities. It can concentrate on learning specific skills like fine motor dexterity, hygiene, grooming, etc. along with improving broad adaptive characteristics like learning and social skills. Although it's only one of ABA's applications, some people also refer to it as autism behavioral therapy. In a range of settings, including schools, homes, and clinics, ABA is effective for both children and adults with psychological conditions. Consistent ABA therapy has also been shown to significantly enhance positive skills and behaviours and lessen the need for future special services.

ABA therapy program can help:

  • Improve communication and language abilities

  • Improve academic performance, social skills, memory, and focus

  • Decrease the frequency of behavioral issues

ABA Therapy meaning

People who learn and think in different ways, such as those who have been identified as having an autism spectrum disorder, are frequently treated by behaviour therapists using ABA. Positive reinforcement is a key ABA strategy, according to Autism Speaks, a nonprofit organization that promotes greater understanding and acceptance of people with autism.

A person is more likely to repeat behaviour when it is followed by something they value, according to the ABA. This promotes altering behaviour for the better over time. Any ABA program should help each participant work on skills that will increase their independence and success both now and in the future.

Six Techniques for Applied Behavior Analysis

For children who can benefit from behaviour modification, applied behaviour analysis employs a variety of techniques to achieve the desired results. Here are five of those helpful strategies:

  1. Positive Reinforcement

A child with social or learning disabilities might not know how to react in particular circumstances. Therefore, a properly trained professional will understand to use positive reinforcement right away to promote this behaviour in the future when they do something correctly. Students will gain an understanding of how to strike a balance between rewarding behaviour and expecting expected behavior.

  1. Negative Reinforcement

A child often acts inappropriately. When this occurs, the behaviour must be immediately changed. Punishing the child is an effective way to make them stop acting out. Keep in mind that the child needs to be disciplined right away and informed of the reason why. More importantly, the penalties must be fair. Children are too frequently disciplined inconsistently, which confuses them more than it actually helps.

  1. Prompting and fading

Children are taught using prompts or cues using the ABA therapy technique of prompting and fading. A therapist might give a child verbal or physical cues to help them learn a new skill or finish an activity.

A physical cue could be directing a child's hands as they work on a task or demonstrating a skill with a hand gesture. These physical cues are intended to be kind and supportive.

Verbal cues are words or phrases that are used to encourage a child to carry out a particular action. To prompt them to greet strangers or to wash their hands before eating, you could use verbal cues. Again, whenever possible, verbal cues should be supportive and nonjudgmental. The prompts are then faded as a part of the technique. This entails gradually offering less obvious prompts and letting the child remind themselves how to complete a task or behave in a particular circumstance. It gives them room to develop and become more self-reliant without direction.

  1. Task Evaluation

Instead of correcting or reinforcing behaviour, this model is meant to help learn more about the specific child. A teacher will assign a task to a student and observe how they complete it. The analysis is divided into several categories, such as:

  • Embodied actions

  • Cognitive processes

  • Repetition 

  • Allocation 

  • Environment 

A professional can use the knowledge gained from studying a child's performance to make other tasks simpler for that specific child.

  1. Generalization

Teaching a child how to generalize entails showing them how to use a specific concept in a new setting or circumstance. If your child receives ABA services at home, a therapist might employ the generalization technique to help the child apply what they've learned at home to their schoolwork. 

  1. Behavior contracts

Behavior contracts are effective with slightly older autistic children who are accustomed to both positive and negative reinforcement. Tasks or behaviors that the therapist or the parent expects the child to exhibit are outlined in the contract. They receive a reward when they complete the action or behaviour successfully.

Both the child and the parent or therapist is expected to abide by the terms of the contract. The reward, such as gold tokens, is typically specified in behavior contracts. The kid receives a bigger prize, like candy or movie tickets, when they have accumulated enough gold tokens. Seek help from the Best psychologist in India or consult a Online counselor.


Your child's learning needs are distinctive, just like your child's. The ABA methods mentioned above might be more effective for some kids than others. To find out which of these techniques your child responds to the best, try them out at home or with an ABA therapist.

These tactics might take some time to start working, but the wait is worthwhile. Visit our website or get in touch with us online if you want to learn more about ABA therapy and early intervention for autistic children. Simply visit the TalktoAngel website to find a large number of qualified and experienced Best psychologist delhi and Counseling psychologist. Many therapists have a lot of experience treating kids.

At the  Psychowellness Centre, with multiple locations across Delhi NCR including NOIDA, Faridabad, Janakpuri, Dwarka, and Vasant Vihar, you can schedule appointments with top psychologists for mental health counseling.

Contribution: Dr (Prof) R K Suri, Clinical Psychologist, life coach & mentor TalktoAngel & Ms. Swati Yadav, Psychologist.