The unique bond between human beings and wilderness
You often seek comfort in the lap of nature, be it a walk, yoga & meditation, some quality time with family or friends, a romantic getaway, the “me time”, or simply to find solace & peace of mind in a quiet place to brush off the everyday hustle. The natural landscapes and wilderness such as mountains, beaches, valleys, and forests can truly kindle the innermost feelings of happiness and peace, and Environmental Psychology has proved this fact through its deep research (Bell, Fisher, Baum, Greene, 1996).
Nature holds the power to comfort us, relax us, relieve us, and calm us. The natural landscapes and wilderness are our happy-go-lucky places. Due to the in-depth research in Environmental Psychology, it has been known that nature and mental health are interconnected with each other. According to World Health Organization mental health is “a state of well-being in which a person realizes his/her own potential, can deal with the normal stresses of life, can work productively and fruitfully, and is in a position to make a contribution to his/her community”. Thinking up in this way, mental health encircles two important elements:-
Undoubtedly, the natural places promote psychological well-being and have positive effects on your mental well-being. Along with mental health, staying close to nature also improves your physical and spiritual well-being. Various emotional or affective components and conceptual or cognitive components of psychological well-being can be attained by natural landscapes & wilderness such as:-
Spending time with nature ignites the feeling of taking care of yourself and others. Developments like urbanization, technology, machinery, and social media can never replace the essence & healing power that nature possesses. Natural scenic beauty makes you feel alive from the inside.
The natural places & wilderness even fuel the creativity within you. Reading books, creative writing, creating art journals, etc. hit differently when enjoyed in a natural landscape – the ideas and thoughts are expressed so effortlessly.
Natural landscapes & wilderness can do wonders more than you can think of. Let’s explore the gifts of nature.
Now, imagine being in a place savoring the beautiful green and brown hues of tall trees, colorful flowers spreading their aroma, bright rays of sun piercing through the trees from the sky, the sound of flowing water & chirping of birds, soft breeze touching your skin, and the sun-kissed feels. All of this can refresh your mood in a blink of an eye. At times there is a strong urge to escape to a place with scenic beauty. Even the thought of a visual of any natural place brings a smile to your face and cheers up your mood.
Have you ever wondered why this happens? Why do you feel so empowered and motivated when you are connected to nature? What is the bond between natural landscapes & wilderness and human beings?
Well, a study named “Psychological Needs Satisfaction and Attachment to Natural Landscapes” has found out that people’s attachment to the natural spaces & wilderness is connected to the fulfillment of some basic psychological needs. The study has been authored by Adam C. Landon, Kyle M. Woosnam, Gerard T. Kyle, and Samuel J. Keith. The study is published in a peer-reviewed academic journal named “Environment and Behavior” which is published by SAGE Publications.
The study suggests that the reason behind the feelings of attachment to wilderness landscapes is nature’s ability to fulfill the basic psychological needs of –
Why and how do people form attachments with the physical spaces they inhabit? This question has been the purpose of a lot of research. However, the way individuals create a bond & connection with natural spaces and wilderness landscapes remains a sort of mystery, which broadens the research area on it. Based on this, the study authors Adam C. Landon and his teammates hypothesized that it might have something to do with the fulfillment of some psychological needs. According to Landon, who is a scientist at the Minnesota Department of Natural Resources and an adjunct assistant professor, the psychological processes that stimulate humans’ connection to nature are truly fascinating. He believes that it is essential to understand the value people hold for nature, and he thinks that “place attachment” falls under this umbrella.
Adam C. Landon, along with his teammates has stated that “the role of nature in psychological functioning and well-being has caught attention up to great extent, and their study is basically founded on this itself, in order to demonstrate that wilderness surroundings enhance psychological functioning”.
The authors of the study took inspiration from Ryan and Deci’s Self-Determination Theory and considered three psychological needs (autonomy, competence, and relatedness) as the cause or basis of human motivation.
A survey was conducted on a sample of 795 Americans by Landon and his team. These people had recently visited a natural area within the Southern Appalachian region. During the survey, the subjects were told to think of a wilderness landscape which is special to them, and they were asked questions drafted to evaluate their place attachment to that particular area. The assessments included three dimensions of place attachment - place identity, emotional attachment, and place dependence. The subjects were also questioned on how their chosen wilderness landscape fulfilled their needs for autonomy, competence, and relatedness.
In the study, significant associations & interconnections were found between each of the psychological needs and each of the place attachment dimensions. According to Landon, their study is a cross-sectional one, and their approach provides strong evidence for a connection between psychological needs satisfaction and the development of place attachment. Experimental research is yet to be done.
Adam C. Landon told that people give significance to those physical spaces that support and fulfill their psychological needs of autonomy in their behavioral choices, feelings of competence, and relatedness.
In spite of the limitations, this study provides strong evidence on a link between human’s connections to nature and the fulfillment of some basic psychological needs.
An American architect, writer, and educator “Frank Lloyd Wright” had said, “Study Nature, fall in love with Nature, stay connected with Nature. It will never fail you”. And, it certainly seems true!
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