Addiction is a prolonged disorder with social, psychological, biological, and environmental factors influencing its development and continuance. Thus, an individual in addiction state engages in use of a substance or in a behavior for it’s rewarding effects and repeatedly pursues the behavior despite harmful consequences. For example, smoking creates nicotine addiction and the addict wants to repeatedly experience the effect of nicotine even when he/she has received negative consequences like risk of cardiovascular disease, cancer, etc. Addiction requires proper attention and best psychologist in order to get cured.
Types of Addiction
1.Substance Abuse – It is described as repetitive use of a substance in a way that is damaging for an individual and can lead to dependence on the substance. Dependence involves developing a tolerance for the substance over time which means that to have the same effect that s/he had in the past they need to keep increasing the dosage of the substance. Examples of substances that are often misused include:
- Club drugs
2.Behavioural addictions – Behaviors can also become addictive. Similar to substances, behaviours become addictive when used excessively to help the person cope with difficult thoughts and feelings. Examples of addictive behaviours include compulsive shopping, gambling, pornography, internet, eating and others.
3.Internet Social Media Addiction– The usage of Whats app, FB, Twitter, etc., and excessively getting hooked to social media, which is quite common these days.Also there is a phobia named Nomophobia which is fear of being away from your phone. Addiction to social media may lead to Nomophobia also for some.